Ru kiln is one of the five famous treasures of the Song Dynasty. It is famous for firing glazed pottery. Its kiln site is Qingliang Temple in Baofeng County, Henan Province. It belongs to Ruzhou in the Song Dynasty. Ru Porcelain ranked first among the five famous kilns of Ru Guan Ge Jun Ding in the Song Dynasty. It is known as "Ru Kiln is the most important kiln" in the history of Chinese ceramics. Ru Porcelain is one of the well-known traditional Chinese porcelain-making crafts, and mainly represents porcelain in the Northern Song Dynasty. Ru Porcelain's shape is simple and generous, with precious agate as glaze, unique color and luster. It has the praise of "agate as glaze handed down from ancient times". Its glaze color changes with the light, just like that of "broken place after rain and clear clouds", "Qianfeng Bibo cover color" is beautiful, the soil is fine and moist, the body is like Dong body with thick glaze, bright but not dazzling. The surface of the instrument is sliced with small cicada wings and has "pear skin". Crab claws. The characteristics of sesame flower are called "like jade, non-jade, and win over jade" by the world. Since the Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties, the imperial ceramics of Ru have been treasured in the inner storehouse, which is more precious than the Shang, Yi and Zhou dynasties.
In the history of Chinese civilization, the culture of Song Dynasty occupies an extremely important historical position. Ru Porcelain Culture is an important part of the culture of Song Dynasty. With its exquisite craftsmanship, beautiful shape, warm glaze, elegant and pure charm, Ru Porcelain Culture is an epoch-making and important symbol in the history of Chinese celadon development.Ru kiln porcelain tires are gray-white, different in depth and shade. They are similar to shadowed incense. So they are commonly known as incense tires, which is one of the key points in identifying Rufen porcelain. The basic tone of Ru kiln glaze is a kind of light azure, commonly known as "duck egg bright blue". The axle layer is not thick. With the change of the shape, it presents a deep and shallow layer change. The glaze cracking patches are mostly very fine patches with scattered and effective, commonly known as "cicada medicine patches". Ru porcelains are exquisite in quality and contain trace copper in the earth. When exposed to light, they are red and yellow in the grey. They are commonly known as "fragrant grey tires". The pits of Yan He Dian, Dayu Donggou, Jiao Temple and Qingliang Temple in Ruzhou are common.
The opening of Ru kiln is absolute. The forming of opening is a kind of glaze surface defect caused by high temperature roasting of utensils at the beginning. The jargon is called "glaze breaking". Rumi's artist transformed this uncontrollable and ever-changing axillary disease into a natural and beautiful decoration through man-made operation, and the control is just right, which is a wonderful work of art. Glaze slices are fine, mostly oblique slits, and the depth is intertwined and overlapped, such as silver flakes, fish scales, or cicada wings, giving people a sense of orderly arrangement. The fine trachoma in the glaze shows fish-roe pattern and crab-claw pattern. There are typical orange peel axis, borneol glaze, tea foam, and some wicker-striped slices are formed by the arrangement of mud molecules in a certain direction when the hand-pulled blank axis rotates.
This Song Dynasty Ru kiln bean green glaze Gaozu Baolian flower incense stove has a peculiar shape, ingenious design, Baolian flower shape, carved lotus petal pattern on the outer wall, like a blooming lotus flower, all covered with glaze, bright and pure, with fine grain on the axle surface, regular shape, exquisite technology, and blue color, such as ancient jade, green glaze has "few morning stars" in the size of bubbles, flower mouth and flower edge folding strategy. Seeing red light, which is also a typical feature of Ru kiln, keeps intact, highlights the simplicity, and is a fine work of Ru kiln in Song Dynasty.
Ru kiln once reached the peak of porcelain art, but it failed to escape the fate of "red beauties and poor fate", the "Jingkang change" in the late Northern Song Dynasty. Ru kiln was empty and cold in the war. Its firing history was only about 20 years. After that, all the firing techniques of Ru kiln and Ru porcelain were buried underground or annihilated in the world, disappeared without trace. Every piece of Ru porcelain survived fortunately was rare. A rare treasure.